Inty Raymi 2019 Cusco full day, Every June 24 the sun reach its most distant point from the earth and also coincides with the winter solstice, the Inti Raymi or “fiesta del Sol” is celebrated in Sacsayhuamán, of fundamental importance in the Incas period .
During Inca times, the Inti Raymi was the most important of the four festivals celebrated in Cusco, according to the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. It indicated the beginning of the year, as well as the mythical origin of the Inca. It lasted nine days during which dances and sacrifices were made. The last Inti Raymi that counted on the presence of the Inca emperor was realized in 1535.
On the night of the eve all the fires were extinguished in the Tahuantinsuyo. In the great plaza Huacaypata (now Plaza de Armas of Cusco) all the characters of the empire were concentrated.
Among the shadows, the crowd waited with great respect for the appearance of the god Inti (sun).
Generals, princes and all the nobility waited in profound silence, many of them disguised as beasts and other animals of Andean mythology.
When the sun appeared they expressed their recognition and worshiped him as the supreme, only and universal god, who with his light and his virtue created and sustained all things on earth. They also thanked him for the harvests received during the year.
The Inca, with the help of the priests, “induced” the god Inti (sun) to return with the favor of his rays to fertilize the land and ensure the welfare of the children of the great empire of Tahuantinsuyo. The sacred fire was renewed with a golden concave bracelet that was placed against sunlight, whose reflections were projected onto a piece of very hot cotton that burned in a short space. The sacred fire was taken to the Coricancha, where it would be preserved by the acllas.
During the ceremony, the sacrifice of a llama was also made to predict the coming year. Then a great military march followed and at the end everyone retreated and burst out in unrestrained cacophony for several days.
A cultural manifestation that lasts to our days:
In 1572 the Inti Raymi was prohibited by the Viceroy Francisco de Toledo because it was considered a pagan ceremony and contrary to the Catholic faith. From that date on, it had to be clandestinely held.
In 1944 Faustino Espinoza Navarro made a historical reconstruction of the Inti Raymi based on the chronicle of the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. Since that date, the celebration was once again a public event that is still one of the main tourist attractions of our country.
Currently the Inti Raymi is a theatrical performance, but also one of the most evocative traditional manifestations of our national identity because it symbolizes the values and memories of our past.
To the beat of the musical airs, delegates of the four of them parade with their typical clothes while ñustas, coyas and pallas advance in undulating columns. Suddenly, the Inca is seen, transported on a litter and accompanied by a retinue of dried apricots and other dignitaries who walk at a respectable distance from him.
While the pututus, the cornets and the quenas sound, the Inca stands up, stretches his arms towards the horizon and pays homage to the Inti by raising two large golden glasses filled with chicha (Fermented beverage made from corn).
JUNE 24, 2019:
Inti Raymi Festival (Sun Festivity)
The inti raymi festival usually starts at 9:00 in the morning with the pick-up from your hotel to the cathedral. This sun ceremony has two different scenes in two different places or scenarios, the first one starts in the central square of Cusco known as the wakaypata or place of tears,
This historic center of Cuzco is the nerve center of the celebrations during the fiesta of the Sun where the plaza is cordoned off, the Inca is carried on a wooden bier by eight servants accompanied by dance, music, likewise in the middle of the square the meeting of the 4 suyos is staged (The 4 regions of the universe)
Afterwards start the main celebration of thanks to the mother earth (Pacha Mama) and to the main deity the SUN GOD, where the Inca makes a toast with the sun god and makes some offerings with the coca leaf, and at the end we will move to Saqsaywaman.
To access this place we will continue our trip in our transportation after having enjoyed the first ceremony.
Later, upon arriving in Saqsayhuaman, we pay the income and we will place ourselves in our respective seats already reserved in advance and in this way you will be able to appreciate in all its magnitude the development of this sacred ceremony dating from the Inca time.
Currently all the stands have a limited capacity for no more than 3, 906 people consisting of 03 platforms distributed in the splanade in Sacsayhuaman: Two vip platforms (Orange and Red) and one lateral platform (Green) and according to the location you will have a much more impressive view, equally all the seats are very comfortable for the spectator.
The Inti Raymi in Sacsayhuaman is only allowed to visitors with an income ticket, the staging in the Plaza de Armas of Cusco is allowed to the general public without an access ticket.
- Pick up from your hotel
- Tourist transportation
- Professional guide
- Box lunch
- Entry ticket to the platform at Sacsaywaman
- Breakfast, dinner
- Hotel / hostal
- Extra drinks
Recommendations to bring:
- Warm clothes
- Light shoes.
- Rain poncho
- Long sleeve shirts.
- Sunblock and hat.
- A lightweight individual backpack.
- Toilet paper.
Tour price according you select the platform where you want to buy your seat:
- Orange or Red Platform: $ 279.00 USD per person
- Green Platform: $ 229.00 USD per person
Inti Raymi's Platform
Additional services to find in Sacsayhuaman:
– Hygienic bathrooms
– First aid services
– Security police during the ceremony
Inti Raymi’s Platform: