The city of Maras: This city was founded in 1556 by the Spanish, it has a 17th century Baroque church. Currently their homes still retain the stone portals and lintels characteristic of the colony.
Moray: Possibly it was an Inca agricultural research center where the cultivation experiments were carried out at different levels of microclimates, the design of its platforms produces a variant of typical climates of the coast, mountains and jungle of our country, gradually increasing the temperatures of top to bottom, thus creating up to 20 different types of microclimates with a variation of 5 degrees Celsius from one terrace to another. According to historian Edward Ranney, the Incas used the Moray terraces as a place purely for agriculture, perhaps for the development of their most precious crop, the coca leaf. John Earls claims to have discovered vertical stones on the terraces, the same ones that would mark the limits of the evening shadows during the equinoxes and solstices.
Salineras: The first shallow salt wells in Maras were probably built by the Wari civilization between 500 and 1100 AD. Most of these salt pits, built along the steep slope of the Qoripujio mountain, were no more than 05 square meters and 30 centimeters deep. During the 12th and mid-14th centuries, the Inca Empire took over the operation and control of Maras. The Incas seasoned and preserved their food with salt. They may also have used the mineral for mummification and other religious ceremonies. Ownership and management of the individual salt wells were awarded to families living in the nearby community of Maras. The same salt extraction process used by these families during Inca times has been passed down from generation to generation and is still practiced today.
Where does the salt of Maras come from? The salt comes from an underground flow of salt water that gushes from the source of the Qoripujio mountain, and a network of narrow channels was built to direct the flow of this salt water to each well for collection. When the water evaporates, the salt crystallizes and is later carefully extracted with shovels and pieces of wood like rakes.
Health benefits: Many experts recommend Maras pink salt for people suffering from hypertension because it has low levels of sodium chloride. Maras salt also contains calcium, iron, zinc, and magnesium, making it a perfect medicinal option for skin conditions, treating swelling, and therapeutic massages.
Day 01: Maras – Moray – Salt mines (Salt Flats)
Pick up from the hotel at 08:00 a.m. in our Mini Van transport and we started this great experience. The first place we will visit on our tour of the Sacred Valley of the Incas is the city of Maras. Here we can experience a return to the colonial past thanks to the constructions that still exist, also from Maras we will have within our reach the view of the Urubamba mountain range and the snow-capped mountains of La Verónica and Chicón. Then we will go to the archaeological center of Moray where we can observe the different agricultural terraces as concentric rings formed with great wisdom and intelligence by our Inca engineers that gradually expand. To end our tour in the Sacred Valley we will visit the salt flats or salt mines, where we can appreciate a large number of more than 3000 water wells collecting salt water, which are still in good condition and operation. In the afternoon we will return to the city of Cusco.
- Transportation mini van.
- Professional guide.
- Parcial tourist ticket S/ 70.00 PEN.
- Entrance to Salt mines S/10.00 PEN.
What should you bring:
- Cap, sunscreen, rain poncho.
Offer price per person!! $ 30.00 USD
- 01 person $ 189.00 USD
- 02 persons $ 139.00 USD (Per person)
- 03 persons to more $ 99.00 USD (Per person)
Private Service Included:
- Pick up from the airport to the hotel / hostel in our Mini Van.
- Private transportation for the excursion.
- Private guide.
- Partial tourist ticket (Moray and Salineras).
Private Service Not Included: