The Sacred Valley of the Incas includes the places of Písac, Ollantaytambo and Chinchero, parallel to the Vilcanota or Wilcamayu river, it is fed by numerous rivers, which descend through adjacent valleys and gorges. The Incas, due to its special geographical and climatic qualities, was one of the main points of the empire for the extraction of natural wealth and the best place for the production of corn in Peru. The Incas called this the Sacred Valley because it was there that they developed a rich agricultural society and built fortresses.
Pisaq: The National Archaeological Park of Pisac is constituted by groups of archaeological remains among which stand platforms, aqueducts, roads associated with walls and portals, channeled water channels, cemeteries, bridges, etc. The area covered by this group is 4 square kilometers in area. On this area the ruins are located occupying the hills, they appear forming groups of complicated disposition, while in others isolated constructions of the other groups are noticed.
Pucaras or control towers:
In the citadel of Pisac we can count more than twenty towers and they are of two types: The turrets interior and the towers watchtower; the first are conical enclosures associated with water channels of construction with well-carved and assembled pieces, these look like pulpitos attached to the mountain. The watchtower towers are beautiful elevations, with a conical tendency, they are not enclosures, their texture is solid and their interior is more compact and their portion is a flat surface. The most important in its location is Qoriwayrachina.
It is the central district, headquarters of temples and palaces, with a greater architectural quality, greater beauty in its walls, the enclosures are larger in relation to those of other neighborhoods. It has 3 levels to gain aesthetics and comfort, modulated the buildings directed towards the main valley. In this place we can find: The central enclosure, the Intiwatana, the altar carved in volcanic breach, groups of liturgical sources, alleys and courtyards.
Ollantaytambo:In Ollantaytambo, each worked stone is an independent work of art in relation to the others, with different sides, angles and volumes. The ancient Peruvians, oblivious to our ease and pragmatism, had another concept of time and art.
Ollantaytambo is also known, for an Inca plot drama entitled “Ollantay”, whose protagonist was General Ollanta; In this literary work the actions take place in this place.
The Real House of the Sun:
The Royal House of the Sun or fortress, and Ollantaytambo in its entirety, still retains the layout of the urban planning of the Incas. It is made up of 17 superimposed terraces, a succession of straight and wide platforms oriented towards the side of the square and the town; the upper group of Andenes, runs transversally with respect to the previous group and higher.
The temple of the Sun:
It is an impressive architectural complex destroyed almost in its entirety, there are the immovable pieces that make up a stony canvas that due to its solidity, volume and assemblage resisted the onslaught of the extirpators of idolatries and also repelled the treasurers. It is thought that the whole ensemble formed the Temple of the Sun, of which only the western wall has been formed, consisting of 6 red porphyry stones and between them, ribbons that fit with incredible accuracy.
Chinchero: The most typical population of the Sacred Valley of the Incas, is a distinctly Inca city that the conquistadores wanted to “civilize” to implant their culture, but never fully achieved it. Its inhabitants inhabit almost intact Inca buildings, in the same place where their distant ancestors lived and formed the largest and most prosperous civilization in America.
In the Archeological Site of Chinchero, its platforms are initially called, which allows us to understand that it was a center of agricultural production in the Inca period, a warehouse was also built and the whole complex was equipped with a very efficient irrigation system. The story goes that with the arrival of the Spaniards, Chinchero was burned down in 1536 by Manco Inca, in his flight to Vilcabamba, with the aim of leaving nothing to the Spaniards.
On the Palace of Tupac Yupanqui the Spaniards raised the Church of Our Lady of Montserrat in 1607, with the purpose of representing their submission in a symbolic way. Its main altar carved in gold leaf and baroque style is dedicated to the Virgin of the Nativity. Its walls are decorated with works by Diego Quispe Tito, the highest representative of the Cuzco school. There are also works by Francisco Chihuantito.
Day 01: Cusco: Pisaq – Ollantaytambo – Chinchero
Pick up from the hotel at 7:30 a.m. In our Mini Van transport, then we first visit the Qorqa viewpoint to appreciate the huge sacred valley (20 minutes), then visit the typical artisan market of Pisaq for a short visit of 15 minutes approx., at the end of an ascent trip to arrive at the first archaeological center of Pisaq, where you will witness how our ancestors had no difficulty in taking advantage of natural geography to build their fortresses, agricultural terraces making use of their extensive knowledge in the scientific architecture of the time and thus form a great empire throughout the Tahuantinsuyo. At the end, a trip to the town of Urubamba to enjoy our delicious buffet lunch (01 hour approx.), Later we will continue with our visit to the archaeological site of Ollantaytambo (Place of battle against the Spanish, as well as administrative and religious). And as a last place the worship and worship center of Chinchero. At the end of the visit, a return trip to Cusco arriving at approximately 18:30 p.m. of the night where we will leave you near the main square.
- Mini Van Transportation.
- Professional guide.
- Buffet lunch in Urubamba.
- Parcial tourist ticket S/.70.00 PEN.
What should you bring:
- Cap, sunscreen, rain poncho.
Offer price per person!! $ 40.00 USD
- 01 person $ 239.00 USD
- 02 persons $ 159.00 USD (per person)
- 03 persons to more $ 99.00 USD (per person)
Private Service Included:
- Pick up from the airport to the hotel / hostel in our Mini Van.
- Private transportation for the excursion.
- Professional guide.
- Partial tourist ticket (Pisaq, Ollantaytambo and Chinchero) Buffet lunch in Urubamba.
Private Service Not Included:
- Breakfast and dinner.